Received: 2020-03-20  |  Accepted: 2020-04-25  |  Published: 2020-09-30

Title

Double-entry bookkeeping and balance of payments: the need for developing a new approach


Abstract

On the basis of the identity between each country’s global imports (commercial and financial) and exports (commercial and financial), which is one of the fundamental economic principles of the balance of payments, the paper highlights why and how the leading account of transactions from/to the rest of the world needs to be reformed. As a strategic goal, the balance of payments should finally move beyond its current purely statistical and simple-entry bookkeeping approach in order to improve its macroeconomic relevance. This would also imply a new way of carrying out cross-border payments, which could in turn pave the way for a new system of international payments. The development of an economic account of the nation as a whole and the introduction of a consistent way of recording transactions following a truly double-entry bookkeeping would also erase statistical discrepancies ex ante and reflect the necessary equality (identity) of credits and debits both for all transactions taken together and for each of them separately. The balance of payments is already a powerful economic tool, but only through a money-consistent reform would it display its full potential.


Keywords

balance of payments, double-entry bookkeeping, nation’s economic account, reserve assets


JEL classifications

B27 , F32 , F33 , P33


URI

http://jssidoi.org/ird/article/41


DOI


HAL


Pages

610-629


Funding

This research was partly supported by the project,which has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme Marie Sklodowska-Curie Research and Innovation Staff Exchanges ES H2020-MSCA-RISE-2014 CLUSDEVMED (2015-2019) Grant Agreement Number 645730730

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Beretta, Edoardo
Università della Svizzera italiana, Lugano, Switzerland https://www.usi.ch
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Cencini, Alvaro
Università della Svizzera italiana, Lugano, Switzerland https://www.usi.ch
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Insights into Regional Development

Volume

2


Number

3


Issue date

September 2020


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

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