Ethics Statement

The General Approach to Ethics

The publisher of the journal follows Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing elaborated by The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Open Access Scholarly Publishing Association (OASPA), and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) regarding ethical policies and dealing with misconduct. INSIGHTS INTO REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT (IRD) is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and takes all possible measures against publication malpractice. Authors guarantee that their work is original and unpublished and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. In addition, authors confirm that their paper is their own and that it has not been copied or plagiarized from other works, in whole or in part.



Reporting Standards

Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed and an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable. The journal is against any infringement of intellectual property.

Data Access and Retention

Authors must be ready to provide the used raw data for editorial review or other interested parties on a reasonable request. Authors are obliged to retain such data for five years after publication. Uploading raw data and additional relevant information in the Open Access repository, e.g., Zenodo, is recommended. 

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and words of others, these must be appropriately cited or quoted. The journal additionally checks originality by software iThenticate.

In case plagiarism is detected, the paper is immediately rejected, and all authors of the reason are informed.

Use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Tools

The authors cannot use AI, such as ChatGPT, to write scientific papers. The AI tools devised for checking grammar, such as Grammarly or Writfull, are welcomed, and their use is encouraged.

Multiple Publications

An author should not publish manuscripts describing the same research in multiple journals. Submitting the same manuscript to numerous journals concurrently constitutes unacceptable publishing behaviour.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Proper acknowledgement of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have influenced the nature of the reported work.

Journal Policies on Authorship and Contributorship

Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed significantly to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where others have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in the author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of adding or removing authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. The authors cannot add additional authors after a paper is reviewed, accomplished and accepted for publishing.

Journal Policies on Conflicts of Interest

The journal encourages authors and reviewers to disclose conflicts of interest as described in the Peer Review Policy. If a conflict of interest is detected, the journal will eliminate it by assigning another handling editor/reviewer.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works and Journal's Options for Post-Publication Discussions and Corrections

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in their published work, the author must promptly (within a week after publishing) notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the Editor to retract or correct the paper. The authors are responsible for their errors. The publication fee is non-refundable. Post-publication issues, if any, are resolved by applying the Complaints and Appeals Policy.

Complaints and Appeals Policy

This procedure applies to complaints of any journal stakeholders, be they authors or readers. We consider complaints as an opportunity for improvement. Appeals of authors whose publication is rejected by the Editor and not sent for further review will be investigated, and another editor will be assigned to revise the submission. The complaints and appeals will be examined in a friendly manner. E-mail for enquiries, requests, suggestions, complaints and appeals, and post-publication discussions

Advertising Direct Marketing Policy

The journal is not engaged in any advertising. Marketing activities, including solicitation of manuscripts, can be conducted on behalf of the journal. They should be informative, targeted, and unobtrusive.

Archiving Policy

All published papers are preserved in CLOCKSS archive. Publisher - Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center - is Participating Publisher of CLOKSS In the event a journal is no longer published, all copies will be available online.