Received: 2019-05-18  |  Accepted: 2019-06-25  |  Published: 2019-12-15

Title

Water security and sustainable development


Abstract

In the realms of Climate change impact, economic and population growth, and pollution, Water security, and sustainable development are paramount, for addressing the food-water-energy nexus and mitigating the impact of the cited drawbacks. The presented paper in the first part, emphasizes water security and sustainable development notions. In 2015 s the 2030 agenda were approved by 193 members of the United Nation, it consists of 17 goals (SDG) for environmental sustainability, social inclusion, economic development, peace, justice, good governance, and partnership. The 6th target of SDG is dedicated to clean water and sanitation since it is considered as one of the central focuses of Sustainable Development Goals. The second part is focused on Moroccan's water management plans. This latter elaborate a legal framework for water use, the law n° 36-15 that comprises the protection of human health through the regulation of exploitation, and provision of sanction. The green Morocco Plan (PMV) which aims first to develop modern agriculture aligned with the world global market requirement, and second to eliminate poverty by helping smallholder farming. The 140 dam's that Morocco counts provide strong support to economic growth. However, under the actual uncontrollable changing rate, Morocco is still threatened by low "water security", the access of drinkable water and sanitation services are improved but not totally covered, Moreover, the climate change influences the precipitation patterns, in long term this will led to the annihilation of water resources. In this light, Morocco should be more realistic, and adopt the appropriate management strategies, which go hand in hand with the sustainable development goals.


Keywords

water security, sustainable development, Green Morocco Plan, SDG6, Moroccan Dam’s policy


JEL classifications

Q50 , Q53


URI

http://jssidoi.org/ird/article/21


DOI


HAL


Pages

301-317


Funding

This research was supported by the project, which has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme Marie Sklodowska-Curie Research and Innovation Staff Exchanges ES H2020-MSCA-RISE-2014 CLUSDEVMED (2015-2019) Grant Agreement Number 645730730

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Moumen, Zineb
Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco http://www.usmba.ac.ma
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El Idrissi, Najiba El Amrani
Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco http://www.usmba.ac.ma
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Tvaronavičienė, Manuela
Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Vilnius, Lithuania https://vilniustech.lt
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Journal title

Insights into Regional Development

Volume

1


Number

4


Issue date

December 2019


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

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