Received: 2022-05-12  |  Accepted: 2022-07-16  |  Published: 2022-09-30

Title

Sustainable integrated system for rural development: a case study


Abstract

India is one of the largest countries in the world, with a population mainly living in villages and primarily engaged in dairy activities along with agriculture. Despite being the largest milk-producing nation, lives of local farmers are challenging due to the lack of access to technology in rural areas. This study aims to develop an integrated system that can solve the problems faced by farmers by utilizing locally available resources. Due to the time lag between milking and storage, milk spoilage is more likely to occur in remote areas. Immediate pasteurization and storage facilities are required. Heating and refrigeration are essential for pasteurization. In India, most villages face power shortages, so biomass heat is suitable for pasteurizing milk. A steam jet refrigeration system is also proposed as it runs with waste biomass for chilling milk. Steam required for both heating and chilling milk is generated in the same biomass-fired boiler. Also, make-up water requirements in the boiler are fulfilled using a rainwater harvesting system. In a conventional dairy plant, a cooling tower is used to supply condensate water required in the condenser. Here this water requirement is fulfilled using a bore well. Subsequently, this water is stored in the irrigation pond to cool it by natural cooling through surface evaporation, making the water suitable for irrigation purposes. Also, the payback period of this system is estimated to be less than six months. Looking at the multiple benefits, this integrated system will further facilitate in achieving sustainable development goals through rural development by 2030.


Keywords

rural development, milk pasteurization, carbon neutral, water purification


JEL classifications

O10 , O18


URI

http://jssidoi.org/ird/article/108


DOI


HAL


Pages

96-109


Funding


This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Anand, Pragati
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, Prayagraj, India http://www.mnnit.ac.in
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Husain, Dilawar
Maulana Mukhtar Ahmad Nadvi Technical Campus, Malegaon, India https://mmantc.edu.in
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Prakash, Ravi
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, Prayagraj, India http://www.mnnit.ac.in
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Insights into Regional Development

Volume

4


Number

3


Issue date

September 2022


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

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