Received: 2022-03-15  |  Accepted: 2022-05-30  |  Published: 2022-06-30

Title

Poor governance and massive unemployment in Nigeria: as causes of brain drain in the Buhari administration (2015-2020)


Abstract

Like other African countries of the developing world, Nigeria underperforms due to a lack of state capacity to deal with the present-day complexities of governance, thereby leading to poor governance, massive unemployment, and brain drain in the Buhari administration. Poor governance is the absence of good governance. Close observation of governance in Nigeria indicates a poor attempt at democratic consideration and unstable politics thereby leading to a battered economy, impoverishment of citizens, corruption, mismanagement of public funds, infrastructure decay leading to massive unemployment which results in human capital flight, a barrier to Nigeria's quest for consolidating democracy, As a result of visionless leaders, selfish, nepotic, mediocrates, tribalistic and opportunist in the political space of the country. This paper examines the electionary campaign promises of the Buhari administration on security for all citizens, bumper economy, and anti-corruption, with the analysis of secondary data, it examines the relationship between poor governance, massive unemployment, and brain drain in Nigeria from 2015 to 2020, adopting the relative deprivation of frustration-aggression theory to x-ray the concepts of poor governance and massive unemployment, resulting to human capital flight. This study has identified poor governance and massive unemployment leading to brain drain in this administration and made valuable recommendations.


Keywords

poor governance, massive unemployment, brain drain, administrations


JEL classifications

J11 , J88


URI

http://jssidoi.org/ird/article/100


DOI


HAL


Pages

73-84


Funding


This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Ighoshemu, Benedict Ogheneakpoje
Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria https://www.deltastate.edu
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Ogidiagba, Ufuoma Benson
College of Education, Warri, Warri, Nigeria https://coewarri.edu.ng
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Insights into Regional Development

Volume

4


Number

2


Issue date

June 2022


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 1645  |  PDF downloads: 460

References


Adegoke, N. (2015). Youth unemployment and security challenges in Nigeria. Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 3(1), 13-22. https://www.ajouronline.com/index.php/AJHSS/article/download/2245/1187

Search via ReFindit


Agbor, U. I. (2012). Leadership behavior and the crisis of state failure in Nigeria: Towards a transformational leadership attitude for addressing Nigeria's failing state. International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research, 2(4). https://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/PPAR/article/view/2612

Search via ReFindit


Akwara, A. F., Akwara, N. F., Enwuchola, J., Adekunle, M. & Udaw, J. E. (2013). Unemployment and poverty: Implications for National security and good government in Nigeria. International Journal of Public Administration and Management Research, 2(1),

Search via ReFindit


Arora, N. D. (2012). Political Science. Tata Mc-Graw Hill Education Private Limited, 7 West Patel Nagar, New Delhi 110008

Search via ReFindit


Berkowitz, L. (1983). Aversively stimulated aggression: Some parallels and differences in research with animals and humans. American Psychology, 38, 1135–144. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.38.11.1135

Search via ReFindit


Breuer, J., Scharkow, M. & Quandt, T. (2015). Sore losers?A reexamination of the frustration-aggression hypothesis for collocated video game play. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 4 (20), 126-137. https://doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000020

Search via ReFindit


Chiazor, I. A. Zoya, M. I., & Udume. (2017). Unemployment in Nigeria: A time bomb waiting to explode: Issues, Diagnoses and the way forward. Advances in Social Science Research Journal, 4(2) 183-194. https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.17.2555

Search via ReFindit


Daily trust newspaper (2015) newspaper https://dailytrust.com

Search via ReFindit


General Gowon, Y (1973) Speech on oil boom in Nigeria.

Search via ReFindit


Hanratty, M. A., O. Neal E. & Sulzer, J. I. (1972). Effect of frustration upon imitation of aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 21(1), 30-34. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0031903

Search via ReFindit


Harrison, A., Genders, R., Davies, H., Treasure, J., & Tchanuria, K. (2011) Experimental measurement of the regulation of anger and aggression in woman with anorexia nervosa. Clinical Psychology, 18(6), 445-452. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.726

Search via ReFindit


Imhonop, D. G. Urim, U. M. (2012). Nigeria's Expensive democratic federation: A confederal option for development. A paper presented at the learned conference and summit of the society for peace studies and practice on "Nationalities, Identities and Terrorism. The Nigeria Experience" held at the institute of African studies, university of Ibadan, November 5 - 6 2012.

Search via ReFindit


Jegard, S & Walters, R. H. (1960). A study of some determinants of aggression in young children. Child Development, 31(1), 739-747. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1960.tb04988.x

Search via ReFindit


Nelson, J. D, belfand, D. M.& Hartmann, D. P. (1969) Children's aggression following competition and exposure to an aggression model. Child Development, 40(4), 1085-1097. https://doi.org/10.2307/1127014

Search via ReFindit


Nkwachukwu, O. (2004). Civil society and poverty reduction in Africa. African Journal of Political and Administration studies, 1(1) https://www.ajpasebsu.org.ng/civil-society-and-poverty-reduction-in-africa/

Search via ReFindit


Nwagwu, E. J. (2014) Unemployment and poverty in Nigeria: A link to national insecurity. Global Journal of Politics and Law Research, 2(1), 19-35. https://www.eajournals.org/wp-content/uploads/Unemployment-and-Poverty-in-Nigeria-A-Link-to-National-Insecurity.pdf

Search via ReFindit


Nwanegbo, C. J Umera, I. & Ikyase, J. T (2017). Security and the challenges of Security Nigerian State: Appraising the activities of Fulani herdsmen in north - central Nigeria. Studies in Politics and Society, 5(1), 203-217.

Search via ReFindit


Ogundiya, I. S. (2010). Democracy and good governance. Nigeria's dilemma. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 4(6), 201- 208

Search via ReFindit


Oluwa, K. (2012) Fixing Nigeria: Good governance as missing link. Retrieved from http: news breaking Nigeria.com fixing + Nigeria - good governance

Search via ReFindit


Samuel, A. (2011). The Democratic Challenges in Nigeria and the step toward achieving the vision 20:20:20: Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 1(1), 14-22.

Search via ReFindit


Scott, J. P. (1948). Dominance and the frustration aggression hypothesis. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 21(1) 31-39. https://doi.org/10.1086/physzool.21.1.30151978

Search via ReFindit


Spector, P. E. (1978) Organizational frustration: A model and review of the literature. Personal Psychology, 31(4), 815-829. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.1978.tb02125.x

Search via ReFindit


UNDP. (1997). Human development to eradicate poverty. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Search via ReFindit


United Nations (2016) United Nation World Youth Report. https://www.un.org/development/desa/youth/world-youth-report.html

Search via ReFindit


Uwaleka, U. (2021). Why jobs are disappearing in Nigeria. Vanguard Newspaper April 4, 2021 https://www.vanguardngr.com/

Search via ReFindit


Vangaurd Newspaper (2020), Vanguard Newspaper October 20, 2020. https://www.vanguardngr.com/

Search via ReFindit


Wingrove, J. & Bond, A. J. (1998). Angry reactions to failure on a cooperative computer game: The effect of trait hostility, behavior inhibition and behavioral activities. Aggression Behavior, 24(1), 27-36. 1098-2337(1998)24:1<27::AID-AB3>3.0.CO;2-P https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)

Search via ReFindit


Woleola, J. E. (2017). Good governance Theory and the quest for good governance in Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 7(5), 154-161.

Search via ReFindit


World Bank, World Governance Indicators (2016). http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/

Search via ReFindit