Received: 2020-11-19  |  Accepted: 2021-04-20  |  Published: 2021-06-30


Selected determinants of digital transformation and their influence on the number of women in the ICT sector


Digital transformation offers a great opportunity for the growth of economies and societies across countries around the world. This digital transformation is leading to very rapid growth in the information and communication technology (ICT) sector. ICT currently faces two main challenges. The first problem is the lack of ICT professionals and the second significant problem is the under-representation of women among them. Our article deals with the issue of the influence of selected factors on the increase of women employed in ICT. In our survey, we focused on the influence of the following factors: The amount of GDP resulting from the ICT sector, the average annual wage, the gender gap, the number of employed women, and the number of women who work in ICT and are educated in ICT. We tested these variables on data from the V4 countries (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia) for the period 2008-2018. Our aim was to find out whether the mentioned Factors are statistically significant and what is their influence on the number of employed women in the ICT sector so that it is possible to positively influence their amount as much as possible.


digital transformation, employment of women, gender gap, ICT sector

JEL classifications

D83 , O22 , M15 , H43






This research was supported by two scientific projects: Scientific Paper was elaborated and financed within the framework of the project VEGA 1/0813/19 Managing the development of innovative and start-up forms of businesses in international environment and verification of INMARK concept and GA IGP 5/2020-M Bezpečnostné riziká a krízové javy v podnikateľskom prostredi SR (funder: VSEMvs IGA VSEMvs, i.e. School of Economics and Management in Public Administration)

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Krchová, Hana
Pan-European University, Bratislava, Slovakia
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Höesová, Katarína Švejnová
School of Economics and Management of Public Administration in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
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Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues





Issue date

June 2021

Issue DOI


ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania


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