The implementation of personnel processes in Poland and Slovakia
The year 1989 in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe is associated with the transformation of the economy and the gradual transition from a centrally planned to a market economy. The basis of the transformation process was the privatization of small, medium but also large state-owned enterprises, the formation of a business environment, the application of a liberal approach to the implementation of reforms. More than 30 years have passed since the beginning of the transformation and this is the reason for evaluating the level of human resources management in selected companies. The aim of the paper is to identify new approaches to human resource management and to compare the processes of personnel work in Poland and Slovakia. We conducted the survey in the years 2017 to 2020 using the method of sociological questioning. We obtained the opinions of respondents from 811 companies. In our research, we assume that human resources are the driving force behind the development and performance of companies. Descriptive statistics was used to characterize the sampling unit. To verify the formulated hypothese the Mann-Whitney test was used. The results of the findings are applied in the evaluation of the processes with the highest positive impact on performance. According to the results, there is a statistically significant difference in the implementation of more than 50% of personnel processes in companies in Poland and in Slovakia, and also there are differences in over 50% of tools used in personnel processes in companies in Poland and in Slovakia.
human resource management, personnel processes, Poland, Slovakia, companies
M12 , M50 , O15 , J53 , J24
FundingThis research was supported by the Scientific Grant Agency of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic and the Slovak Academy of Sciences as part of project VEGA 1/0116/18 Convergence and divergence in international human resource management.
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