Received: 2020-05-14  |  Accepted: 2020-11-08  |  Published: 2020-12-30

Title

Methodology approach on benchmarking Regional Innovation on Smart Specialisation (RIS3): a joint macro-regional tool to regional performance evaluation and monitoring in Central Europe


Abstract

The current funding period of the European Union 2014 – 2020 advocates the application of the Smart Specialisation approach that has to be implemented on regional level. European NUTS-2 regions shall evaluate and reconsider their regional strategies for the upcoming funding period. Due to the high differences among the regions in terms of existing monitoring systems and policies, the performance measurement lacks a solid basis for a sufficient comparison, exemplification and transfer. In order to reduce this research gap, within this paper, the authors developed a comprehensible methodological tool using a given number of NUTS-2 regions with their distinctive monitoring systems and indicators in Central Europe. The benchmarking process is focusing on deploying existing performance indicators from each regional strategy, analysing them and aiming at developing one common set of indicators. As a result, the developed methodology approach enables sufficient performance comparison in terms of RIS3 implementation in the current funding period on the one hand, and provides a crucial input for the future monitoring system design. As a result, the novel methodological tool yields contribution to both scholarly literature and practitioners. Furthermore, the benchmarking method provides various selection and combination options that allow direct insights in different fields’ performance, such as regional spending to facilitate RIS3 implementation and Entrepreneurial Discovery process implementation as well. With this tool concerned, policy recommendations for the upcoming funding period and updates on the regional strategies can be drawn up.


Keywords

RIS3, smart specialisation, benchmarking, Central Europe, regional innovation, monitoring, methodology, common set of indicators


JEL classifications

R11


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/762


DOI


Pages

1359-1385


Funding

This research was supported by the Interreg project “SMART_watch” project that was implemented in the frame of the Interreg Central Europe Programme 2014-2020 from June 2017 to May 2020. The project is based on the research and practical gaps highlighting the needs to support and enhance monitoring capacity of the regions in terms of Smart Specialisation.

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Gerlitz, Laima
University of Applied Sciences, Technology, Business and Design, Wismar, Germany https://www.hs-wismar.de
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Meyer, Christopher
University of Applied Sciences, Technology, Business and Design, Wismar, Germany https://www.hs-wismar.de
Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia http://ttu.ee
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Prause, Gunnar
University of Applied Sciences, Technology, Business and Design, Wismar, Germany https://www.hs-wismar.de
Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia http://ttu.ee
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Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

8


Number

2


Issue date

December 2020


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

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References