Received: 2020-02-14  |  Accepted: 2020-09-30  |  Published: 2020-12-30

Title

Discovering the role of intellectual capital in Latin America: insights from Ecuador


Abstract

This research aims to characterize the intellectual capital in Ecuadorian companies and to validate the applicability of a scale suitable for this context, considering each of its dimensions (human capital, structural capital, and relational capital), as well as innovation aspects of the Ecuadorian companies. The study uses a mixed approach, including factorial analysis and descriptive statistics, using a sample of 88 companies from different economic sectors, located in a single province of Ecuador. The results verified the applicability of the scale and its usefulness for future studies; and they showed that there are different kinds of configurations of intellectual capital, based on the sector and type of innovation usually implemented by companies. In order to be more innovative, construction firms in Ecuador need to focus more on the structural and relational dimensions of intellectual capital, and accommodation and food services industries should orient their efforts toward further developing their human capital. Future studies may explore the opportunities for enhancing innovation performance based on the management of intellectual capital in more detail, using larger sample sizes.


Keywords

intellectual capital, human capital, relational capital, structural capital, Latin America


JEL classifications

O34


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/743


DOI


Pages

1006-1026


Funding


This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Pardo-Cueva, Mariuxi
Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Loja, Ecuador https://www.utpl.edu.ec
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Dávila, Guillermo Antonio
Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil http://ufsc.br
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Chamba-Rueda, Laura Magali
Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Loja, Ecuador https://www.utpl.edu.ec
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

8


Number

2


Issue date

December 2020


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 513  |  PDF downloads: 335

References