Received: 2020-02-18  |  Accepted: 2020-08-12  |  Published: 2020-12-30

Title

Development of entrepreneurship and forms of self-employment in the innovative sectors of the economy


Abstract

The goal of this study is to identify the problems and barriers that impede the growth and development of small and medium innovative enterprises (innovative SMEs) and suggest ways to overcome them. The main methods of the study include a survey of the founders of innovative companies from Russia and Belarus, as well as expert interviews. The study involved both mature companies and startups. The results of the study indicate that most innovative companies lack personnel with the necessary education and experience. At the same time, the number of researchers is decreasing, and external part-timers are being involved to carry out the research. The innovative activities in the countries under study remain low. The main barriers to the growth of this indicator include the lack of financial resources, the difficulties with raising external financing, as well as the shortage of the professional personnel. A set of measures to financially encourage researchers and tax incentives for innovative entrepreneurship are proposed as the main incentives to increasing the innovative activities.


Keywords

innovation, R&D, freelance, innovative activities, startup, small enterprises


JEL classifications

M20 , M50


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/695


DOI


Pages

209-228


Funding


This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Beknazarov, Bakyt
M.Auezov South Kazakhstan University, Shymkent, Kazakhstan https://www.ukgu.kz
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Niyazbekova, Roza
M.Auezov South Kazakhstan University, Shymkent, Kazakhstan https://www.ukgu.kz
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Amirseitov, Ussen
SILKWAY International University, Shymkent, Kazakhstan https://swiu.edu.kz
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Kokenova, Aiganym
International Humanitarian and Technical University, Shymkent, Kazakhstan http://www.hgtu.kz
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Daurbayeva, Marzhan
M.Auezov South Kazakhstan University, Shymkent, Kazakhstan https://www.ukgu.kz
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Aitkazina, Madina
Narxoz University, Almaty, Kazakhstan https://narxoz.kz
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

8


Number

2


Issue date

December 2020


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 794  |  PDF downloads: 471

References