Received: 2019-11-18  |  Accepted: 2020-02-20  |  Published: 2020-06-30

Title

The impact of access to electricity on education and health sectors in Nigeria’s rural communities


Abstract

This study examines the impact of access to electricity on health and education measured by increased number of hours to study and reduced indoor air pollution of rural communities in Nigeria. Primary data from twelve (12) rural communities that have benefited from rural electrification since 1997 in Oyo State, southwest, Nigeria was collected. Key empirical findings revealed that children study hour reduces with household access to grid electricity, it decreases by 8 percent. Expenditure on electricity significantly decreases children study hour by 12 percent. Electrification decreases the rate at which indoor air pollution reduces by 1.1 percent. Household electricity expenditure increases with reduction in indoor air pollution, it decreases the rate of air pollution by 1.6 percent. Better illumination due from access to modern electricity reduces indoor pollution by 1.2 percent. To enhance the electrification benefits, the adoption of the mini-grid option is inevitable, which requires government commitment for sustainability. The off-grid solution, which is usually renewable solution, with strong supporting legislation is equally required for rural electrification strategy. The efficiency of the existing electricity system entails the implementation of the gas master plan, which is crucial in paving way for increasing supply reliability, coverage, and then higher social benefits.


Keywords

education, health, electrification, Nigeria


JEL classifications

C22 , D21 , G12 , G22


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/569


DOI


Pages

3016-3035


Funding

The research is funded by Ton Duc Thang University, District 7, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Olanrele, Iyabo Adeola
Nigerian Institute Of Social And Economic Research, Ibadan, Nigeria https://niser.gov.ng
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Lawal, Adedoyin Isola
Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Nigeria https://lmu.edu.ng
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Dahunsi, Samuel Olatunde
Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam https://www.tdtu.edu.vn
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Babajide, Abiola Ayopo
Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria https://covenantuniversity.edu.ng
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Iseolorunkanmi, Joseph Ojo
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa http://www.ukzn.ac.za
Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Nigeria https://lmu.edu.ng
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Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

7


Number

4


Issue date

June 2020


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 913  |  PDF downloads: 491

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