Received: 2019-09-10  |  Accepted: 2019-10-19  |  Published: 2019-12-15

Title

Strategic policies for small and medium businesses in marketing through e-commerce


Abstract

Previous literature on the Theory of Planned Behavior suggests that attitudes, subjective norms and behavioral control have a significant effect on behavioural intention including the e-commerce marketing intention by small and medium businesses. More recent studies noted that behavioral control, spiritual intelligence, and intentions have a significant effect on behavior in marketing through e-commerce. In this study, a model developed by Darsono (2018) was further refined based on the results of the model trials carried out using data collected in Malang City, Indonesia. The objectives of this study are: (1) to determine the strategic policies of small and medium businesses in e-commerce marketing by using the Exponential Comparison Method (ECM), and (2) to analyze policy profiling for several types of e-commerce marketing by using correspondence analysis. The Exponential Comparison Method (ECM) is a data analysis techniques based on a decision support system that describes a complex multi-factor problem into a hierarchy where each level of the hierarchy is composed by several specific elements. By using the hierarchy, a complex and unstructured problem is broken down into groups which are then organized into a hierarchical form. Based on the results of ECM analysis, this study recommends the strategic policies of SMEs in the selection of e-commerce marketing related to attitudes towards e-commerce marketing, subjective norms, behavioral control, spiritual intelligence, and the intention to buy and sell online in the market with each attribute. The results of the correspondence analysis further explain the existence of special characteristics in each choice. In particular, (1) online buying and selling in the marketplace has been ranked as the first option based on two considerations, i.e., how to receive orders and shipping methods; (2) internet banking and SMS banking was ranked second based on place to sell products and payment methods; (3) cable TV and internet provider was chosen as the last option based on customer sevice; and finally (4) product considerations are noted in all options.


Keywords

strategic policy, marketing, e-commerce, small and medium businesses


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/433


DOI


Pages

1230-1245


Funding

This research was supported by the project, which has received funding from the Direktorat Riset dan Pengabdian Masyarakat, Direktorat Jenderal Penguatan Riset dan Pengembangan Kementrian Riset, Teknologi, dan Pendidikan Tinggi Tahun Anggaran 2018 Indonesia. Grant reference number 120/SP2H/LT/DRPM/2018

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Darsono, Junianto Tjahjo
University of Merdeka Malang, Malang, Indonesia https://unmer.ac.id
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Susana, Erni
University of Merdeka Malang, Malang, Indonesia https://unmer.ac.id
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Prihantono, Eko Yuni
University of Merdeka Malang, Malang, Indonesia https://unmer.ac.id
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Kasim, Eley Suzana
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia https://www.uitm.edu.my
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Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

7


Number

2


Issue date

December 2019


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

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