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Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open Access Q1
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Received: 2019-02-24  |  Accepted: 2019-07-10  |  Published: 2019-09-30

Title

Institutional determinants of environmental pollution in Russia: a non-linear ARDL approach


Abstract

This paper aims to examine how institutional factors affect carbon dioxide emission in case of Russia with an emphasis on the asymmetrical effects of corruption. Institutional factors include corruption perception in the sampled economy and income inequality. The study deploys a non-linear autoregressive distributed-lagged approach to the hypothesis testing. Using the data for the period 1996-2018 of the sampled factors, affecting carbon dioxide emission in Russia, we aim to find the existence of the cointegration between the variables and determine the existence of the asymmetrical effects. In the results of the empirical investigation it was found that carbon dioxide emissions, corruption and income inequality in Russia are cointegrated. In both the long and short run, positive shocks in corruption increase environmental degradation in Russia. A 1% increase in corruption leads to a 0.13% and 0.17% rise in CO2 emission in the short and long run respectively under 5% significance level. Income inequality is found to be a statistically insignificant determinant of carbon dioxide emission in Russia.


Keywords

carbon dioxide emissions, corruption, income inequality, cointegration, asymmetrical effect


JEL classifications

D31 , D73 , Q43 , Q56


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/384


DOI


Pages

510-524


Funding


This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Burakov, Dmitry
Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Moscow, Russian Federation https://mgimo.ru
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Bass, Alexander
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation http://www.fa.ru
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Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

7


Number

1


Issue date

September 2019


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

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References