Received: 2018-02-27  |  Accepted: 2018-03-25  |  Published: 2018-06-30

Title

The effect of clusters on the innovation performance of enterprises: traditional vs new industries


Abstract

The present paper assesses the effect of the formation of cluster organisations on the innovation performance of member enterprises in two different industries – the traditional textile manufacturing industry and the new nanotechnology industry. Innovation performance is explored using Data Envelopment Analysis in two phases. In the first phase, it examines the ability of enterprises to transform resources (labour force, long-term capital, intellectual capital) into registered industrial property rights: patents, utility models, industrial designs, and trademarks. In the second phase, it assesses the ability of enterprises to commercialise industrial property rights and generate profits. Innovation performance then integrates both phases. In each industry, two samples were assessed: member enterprises of cluster organisations, and enterprises that operate in the same industry and region but are not members of a cluster organisation. The results of the research show that the existence of a cluster organisation has a greater effect on innovation performance in the traditional textile manufacturing industry. In contrast, in the new nanotechnology industry, the existence of a cluster organisation did not prove to have any significant effect on innovation effectiveness. In this industry, the existence of a cluster organisation had only a partial effect related to better industrial property rights commercialisation. Research shows that the type of industry is an important factor in the innovation performance of clustered enterprises.


Keywords

cluster organisation, industry cluster, textile cluster, nanotechnological cluster, innovation performance, innovation effectiveness, innovation efficiency, data envelopment analysis


JEL classifications

C61 , L67 , O32


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/183


DOI


HAL


Pages

780-794


Funding

The research was conducted with the financial support of Czech Science Foundation grant no. GA18-01144S entitled “An empirical study of the existence of clusters and their effect on the performance of member enterprises”.

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Žižka, Miroslav
Technical University of Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic https://www.tul.cz
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Valentová, Vladimíra Hovorková
Technical University of Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic https://www.tul.cz
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Pelloneová, Natalie
Technical University of Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic https://www.tul.cz
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Štichhauerová, Eva
Technical University of Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic https://www.tul.cz
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Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

5


Number

4


Issue date

June 2018


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 3961  |  PDF downloads: 1706

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