ESC
Web of Science
Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open Access
Scopus - coverage starting with 2017 material
Received: 2018-03-10  |  Accepted: 2018-05-17  |  Published: 2018-06-29

Title

Exploring the key issues and stakeholders associated with the application of rainwater systems within the Amazon Region


Abstract

This paper presents a case study from the Amazon region of Brazil that explores stakeholder influence over the design and implementation of rainwater harvesting systems. This explorative study is based on the application of Social Network Analysis (SNA). A series of interviews were undertaken with experts in the field and the data was coded and analysed. A stakeholder's map is presented in an attempt to summarise the study’s main findings and to graphically illustrate the key stakeholder influences. The primary outcome of this exercise was the identification of the key participants and challenges associated with the implementation of rainwater harvesting systems. This exercise also highlighted the lack of interaction between some stakeholders and the canalization of decision-making powers by a small number of agencies. The scope of the study was limited to a specific geographical region and is therefore context specific. Due to the constraints of this preliminary study, the full potential of SNA has not fully been explored in this analysis. The research has identified some redundancies with regards to the management of water in this region. It has also highlighted other issues associated with ‘lack of inclusion’ within the decision-making process and planning for the implementation of rainwater systems. The study is considered to be novel within this geographical region. The use of such methods to map stakeholders and to graphically represent influential relationships, as well as the identification of previously unseen key actors should aid future attempts to implement rainwater harvesting schemes within this context.


Keywords

rainwater harvesting systems, social network analysis, water management


JEL classifications

I30 , I38 , I39


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/179


DOI


Pages

724-735


Funding

This research was supported by the project AguaSociaL an FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IRSES - Marie Curie Action "International Research Staff Exchange Scheme", Grant Agreement Number 612633

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Cardoso, Pedro Pablo
Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom http://www.leedsbeckett.ac.uk
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Swan, Andrew
Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom http://www.leedsbeckett.ac.uk
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Mendes, Ronaldo
Federal University of Pará, Belém, Brazil https://portal.ufpa.br
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

5


Number

4


Issue date

June 2018


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 158  |  PDF downloads: 79

References


Akhmetshin, E. M., Artemova, E. I., Vermennikova, L. V., Shichiyakh, R. A., Prodanova, N. A., and Kuchukova, N. M. 2017. Management of investment attractiveness of enterprises: principles, methods, organization, International Journal of Applied Business and Economic Research 15(23): 71-82.

Search via ReFindit


ANA - Agência Nacional de Água. 2010, Atlas Brasil: abastecimento urbano de água: panorama nacional. Brasília: ANA; Engecorps; Co-brape, 2010. 68 p. v.1 [Online]. Available in: http://arquivos.ana.gov.br/institucional/sge/CEDOC/Catalogo/2011/AtlasBrasil-AbastecimentoUrbanodeAgua-PanoramaNacionalv1.pdf

Search via ReFindit


Ansell, Ch. 2003, Community embeddedness and collaborative governance in San Francisco Bay area environmental movement, in: Diani, M., McAdam, D. (Eds.), Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action, Comparative Politics, Oxford.

Search via ReFindit


Aragon, L. 2004, The question of water in the Amazon. In: ARAGÓN, L. E. and CLÜSENER-GODT, M. (Eds.) Issues of local and global use of water from the Amazon. Montevideo: UNESCO.

Search via ReFindit


Borgatti, S.P., Everett, M.C., Freeman, L.C., 2002, UCINET for Windows: Software for Social Network Analysis. Harvard MA: Analytic Technologies.

Search via ReFindit


Brugha, R. and Varvasovszky, Z. 2000, Stakeholder analysis: a review. Health Policy Plan. 15(3); 239-246.

Search via ReFindit


Crona, B. and Bodin, Ö. 2006, What you know is who you know? Communication patterns among resource users as a prerequisite for co-management, Ecol. Soc. 11(2): 7

Search via ReFindit


Fawkes, A. 1999, A Modelling the performance of rainwater collection systems: towards a generalised approach, Urban Water. 1(4): 323-333.

Search via ReFindit


Fenzl, N., Mendes, R. and Fernandes, L. 2010, Sustentabilidade do sistema de abastecimento de água: da captação ao consumo de água em Belém. NUMA/UFPA.

Search via ReFindit


Freeman, L. 1979, Centrality in social networks: I. Conceptual clarification, Soc. Networks 1: 215-239.

Search via ReFindit


Gnadlinger, J. 1999, Apresentação Técnica de Diferentes Tipos de Cisternas, Construídas em Comunidades Rurais do Semi-árido Brasileiro, Available at: http://www.cpatsa.embrapa.br/catalogo/doc/technology/4_7_J_Gnadlinger_p.doc

Search via ReFindit


Gnadlinger J. 2000, Coleta de água de chuva em áreas rurais. In: FÓRUM MUNDIAL DA ÁGUA. Holland. Available at: http://www.irpaa.org.br/colheita/indexb.htm

Search via ReFindit


Gnadlinger, J. 2007, Rumo a um padrão elevado de qualidade de água de chuva coletadas em cisternas no semi-árido brasileiro. In: SIMPOSÍO BRASILEIRO DE CAPTAÇÃO E MANEJO DE ÁGUA DA CHUVA, 6, Belo Horizonte: ABCMAC. Available at: http://www.abcmac.org.br/index.php?modulo=noticias_mat&url_id=2

Search via ReFindit


Ingold, K. 2011, Network structures within policy processes: Coalitions, power, and brokerage in Swiss climate policy. The Policy Studies Journal 39(3), 435-459

Search via ReFindit


Iorio, M.; Monni, S.; Brollo, B. 2018. The Brazilian Amazon: a resource curse or renewed colonialism?, Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues 5(3): 438-451. https://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2018.5.3(2)

Search via ReFindit


Joventino, E., Silva, S., Rogeiro, R., Freitas, G., Ximenes, L. and Moura, E. 2010. Comportamento da diarreia infantil antes e após o consumo de água pluvial em município do semi-árido brasileiro. Texto Contexto Enferm, Florianópolis, n. 19, out.- dez. p. 691-699.

Search via ReFindit


Kautsoyiannis, D., Zarkadoulas, N., Angelakis, A. and Tchobanglosu, G. 2008. Urban Water Management in Ancient Greece: Legacies and Lessons. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management - ASCE. [Online]. Available at: http://www.itia.ntua.gr/en/docinfo/750

Search via ReFindit


Lienert J., Schnetzer, F. and Ingold, K. 2013. Stakeholder analysis combined with social network analysis provides fine-grained insights into water infrastructure planning processes. Journal of Environmental Management 125: 134-148.

Search via ReFindit


Lim, S., Quercia, D. and Finkelstein, A. 2010. StakeSource: Harnessing the power of crowdsourcing and social networks in stakeholder analysis. In Proceedings of the IEEE 32nd International Conference on Software Engineering,

Search via ReFindit


Ministry of Health 2006. A Summary of the Annual Review of the Microbiological and Chemical Quality of Drinking-Water in New Zealand 2005. 15 p. Ministry of Health, Wellington, New Zealand.

Search via ReFindit


ONESDB/UNCTT. 2004. Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board; United Nations Country Team in Thailand. Thailand Millennium Development Goals Report 2004. 92 p. Bangkok, Thailand

Search via ReFindit


Oliveira V. 2015. Aproveitamento de agua de chuva para consumo humano em areas rurais de municípios isolados pela seca no estado do Amazonas. Master Thesis. Universidade Federal do Para. Maestrado em processos construtivos e saneamento urbano.

Search via ReFindit


Prell C., Hubacek, K. and Reed, M. 2007. Stakeholder analysis and social network analysis in natural resource management. Society Nat. Resources 22(6), 501-18.

Search via ReFindit


Reed M., Graves, A., Dandy, N., Posthumus, H., Hubacek, K., Morris, J., Prell, C., Quinn, C.H. and Stringer, L. 2009. Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management, J. Environ. Manage. 90(5); 1933-1949.

Search via ReFindit


Silva, C., Heller, L. and Carneiro, M. 2012. Cisternas para armazenamento de água de chuva e efeito na diarreia infantil: um estudo na área rural do semiáridode Minas Gerais, Engenharia Sanitária e Ambiental. 17(4 . out./dez.): 393-400.

Search via ReFindit


Souza C. 2012. Sistema de captação de água de chuva para atendimento à populações tradicionais em Ilhas de Belém: Avaliação de impactos decorrentes. Belém. (Relatório Técnico Final, Processo: 576901/2088-3).

Search via ReFindit


Souza S., Montenegro, S., Santos, S., Pessoa, S. and Nobrega, R. 2011. Avaliação da Qualidade da Água e da Eficácia de Barreiras Sanitárias em Sistemas para Aproveitamento de Águas de Chuva, Revista Brasileira de Recursos Hídricos 16(3 - jul/set): 81-93.

Search via ReFindit


Veloso N. 2012. Aproveitamento da água da chuva e desenvolvimento local: o caso das ilhas de Belém. Master Thesis. UFPA, Belem.

Search via ReFindit


Veloso N.,Goncalves, C.,Mendes, R.,Sobrinho, M., da Costa, T. And Oliveira, D. 2013. A pós-graduação e a sustentabilidade do abastecimento de comunidades ribeirinhas na Amazônia por meio de água de chuva: da concepção à ação, Revista Brasileira de Pos Graduacao 10 (21): 761-791.

Search via ReFindit


Veloso N. and Lopes, R. 2014. Aproveitamento da Água da Chuva na Amazônia: Experiências nas Ilhas de Belém/PA, Revista Brasileira de Recursos Hídricos 19(1 –Jan/Mar): 229-242

Search via ReFindit


Zhu Q. And Yuanhong. L. 2009. A sustainable way for integrated rural development in the mountainous area in China. In VII Simpósio Brasileiro de Captação e Manejo de Água de Chuva, Caruaru-PE. Caruaru-PE, ABCMC.

Search via ReFindit