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Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open Access Q1
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Received: 2019-01-15  |  Accepted: 2019-06-26  |  Published: 2019-09-30

Title

Occupational health and safety aspects of green shipping in the Baltic Sea


Abstract

After the implementation of the SECA regulation in BSR in 2015, one other step towards cleaner shipping will be the NECA regulation from 2021. Thus, green shipping is an important highlight on the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) environmental agenda. It is well known that shipping is one of the most international industries but it also represents one of the most dangerous businesses since maritime sector workers are often exposed to a number of occupational hazards such as difficult and uncontrolled climate conditions, emissions, noise, vibration, chemicals, and long hours of work in combination with rigid organisational structures, isolation and high levels of psychological stress. Maritime workers are often confronted with health problems, occupational diseases, incidents and occupational accidents. This sends a strong pointer that green shipping should also imply greener maritime jobs so that the work becomes safer for workers and corresponds to the global challenges of environmental protection, economic development and social inclusion. The presented research analyses the health and safety aspects of green shipping in the context of occupational health and safety (OSH) to identify set of indicators that are essential to be applied in green shipping. The central research question evaluates health and OSH risks of BSR inhabitants and seafarers to determine the extent to which the SECA regulations have helped to improve health and work related conditions in the BSR.


Keywords

SECA regulations, clean shipping, health and environmental impact, maritime occupational health and safety, socio-economic risks


JEL classifications

G31 , G32 , L26 , L98 , M10


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/349


DOI


Pages

10-24


Funding

This work is in principle linked to the EnviSuM – Environmental Impact of Low Emission Shipping: Measurements and Modelling Strategies project sponsored by the European Regional Development Fund.

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Reinhold, Karin
Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia http://ttu.ee
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Järvis, Marina
Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia http://ttu.ee
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Prause, Gunnar
Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia http://ttu.ee
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Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

7


Number

1


Issue date

September 2019


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

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References