ESC
Web of Science
Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open Access Q1
Scopus - coverage starting with 2017 material
Received: 2018-04-15  |  Accepted: 2018-07-10  |  Published: 2018-09-30

Title

Science and innovation policies in North African Countries: Exploring challenges and opportunities


Abstract

Effective science, technology and innovation (STI) policies and strategies reflect a country's successful contribution to scientific advancement. While the economic and geopolitical framework of many North African Countries (NACs) transformed enormously during the past decades, their relevant policies and performance were not responsive enough in adapting to these dynamics. This review is meant to highlight the current development and evolution of NAC’s STI policies as well as similarities and identified common societal challenges within NACs. It focusses on the nexus approach to water, energy and food. The findings of this review suggest that the existing reform and development of the STI system in NACs require reorientation towards higher socioeconomic relevance and innovation focus accompanied by legislative measures, effective monitoring and evaluation tools as well as engagement of relevant stakeholders and the adequate leverage of sufficient strategic investments.


Keywords

Science policy, innovation ecosystem, North Africa, North African Countries, technology development


JEL classifications

O10 , O31 , O32 , O44 , O55


URI

http://jssidoi.org/jesi/article/220


DOI


Pages

268-282


Funding

This work received support from a project 5TOI_4EWAS (Energy, Water and Agriculture in the South Mediterranian Neigbourhood) co-funded by the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme of the European Union under Grant Agreement nº 692523

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Radwan, Amr
Academy of Scientific Research & Technology, Cairo, Egypt http://www.asrt.sci.eg
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues

Volume

6


Number

1


Issue date

September 2018


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 460  |  PDF downloads: 213

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