Received: 2017-05-20  |  Accepted: 2017-10-18  |  Published: 2017-12-29


Cultural and Creative Industries (CCI) and sustainable development: China’s cultural industries clusters


The cultural and creative industries link the traditional knowledge to the ultimate consumer in their capacity to serve both cultural and economic objectives. In this regard, the cultural and creative industries can be seen as consistent with the sustainable development paradigm. Cultural industries cluster is playing an increasingly important role in the development of Chinese cultural industries. This article looks at the Cluster Development Strategy of Chinese Cultural Industries and tries to draw a map of cultural industries clusters in Beijing according to the data gathered from 19 cultural industries clusters in Beijing. With the clusters as a case study, we argue that in the course of development clusters are weak in production research and innovation, combined effect and public service although there is much achievement. At last, the suggestions to promote the sustainable development of cultural industries clusters will be discussed.


sustainable development, cultural and creative industries, cultural clusters, cultural system reform

JEL classifications

O31 , O32







This research was supported by the projects the Overseas’ Cultural Industries Clusters Construction in the Framework of the Belt and Road Initiatives and the Study on Cultural Industries Clusters in Beijing, which has received funding from Communication University of China and the National Cultural Industries Innovative Experimental Zone in Beijing

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


Yang, Jianfei
Communication University of China, Beijing, China
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Černevičiūtė, Jūratė
Vilnius Academy of Arts, Vilnius, Lithuania
Articles by this author in: CrossRef |  Google Scholar

Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues





Issue date

December 2017

Issue DOI


ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania


Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 4112  |  PDF downloads: 2271


Audretsch, D.B. 1988. Agglomeration and the location of innovative activity, Oxford Review of Economic Policy 14(2): 18 29

Search via ReFindit

European Comission. 2010. EU GREEN PAPER: Unlocking the potential of cultural and creative industries

Search via ReFindit

Flew, T. 2012. The Creative industries: Cultural and Policy, SAGE

Search via ReFindit

GREEN PAPER on "Unlocking the potential for cultural and creative industries".2010.

Search via ReFindit

Ignatavičius, R.; Tvaronavičienė, M.; Piccinetti, L. 2015. Sustainable development through technology transfer networks: case of Lithuania, Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues 4(3): 261-267.

Search via ReFindit

Jodhpur Initiatives. 2004.

Search via ReFindit

Monni, S.; Palumbo, F.; Tvaronavičienė, M. 2017. Cluster performance: an attempt to evaluate the Lithuanian case, Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues 5(1): 43-57.

Search via ReFindit

Porter, M. E. 1998. Clusters and the New Economics of Competition, Harvard Business Review 76(6): 77–90.

Search via ReFindit

Razminienė, K.; Tvaronavičienė, M. 2017. Economic globalization and its impacts on clustering, Terra Economicus 15 (2): 109-121. 10.23683/2073-6606-2017-15-2-109-121

Search via ReFindit

Razminienė, K.; Tvaronavičienė, M.; Zemlickienė, V. 2016. Evaluation of cluster efficiency tool, Terra Economicus 14(3): 101-111.

Search via ReFindit

Report on Chinese Creative Industry 2012-2013

Search via ReFindit

Strazdas, R.; Černevičiūtė, J.; Jančoras, Ž.; Kregždaitė, R.; Morkevičius, V. 2015. Macro, meso and micro factors for creative industry development: continuous improvements and system innovations. Vilnius: VGTU, 404 p. ISBN 9786094171093

Search via ReFindit

Throsby, D., 2009. The Economics of Cultural Policy. Available at:

Search via ReFindit

Tvaronavičienė, M.; Černevičiūtė, J. 2015. Technology transfer phenomenon and its impact on sustainable development, Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues 5(1): 87–97.

Search via ReFindit

Tvaronavičienė, M.. 2017. Clusters, innovations and energy efficiency: if relantionship could be traced, Marketing and Management of Innovations 2: 382 – 391.

Search via ReFindit

UNCTAD, 2008. Creative Economy Report 2008, Geneva: United Nations

Search via ReFindit

UNESCO, 1998. Final Report of Intergovernmental Conference on Cultural Policies for Development: The Power of Culture, Stockholm, 30 March-2 April, Paris: UNESCO.

Search via ReFindit

UNESCO, 2000. World Culture Report №2: Cultural Diversity, Conflict and Pluralism, Paris: UNESCO.

Search via ReFindit

World Commission on Culture and Development (WCCD).1995. Our creative diversity, Paris, UNESCO

Search via ReFindit

World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED). 1987. From One Earth to One World: An Overview. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Search via ReFindit

Zemlickiene, V.; Mačiulis, A.; Tvaronavičienė, M. 2017. Factors impacting the commercial potential of technologies: expert approach, Technological and Economic Development of Economy 23(2): 410-427.

Search via ReFindit

Zhou, F. 2012. The Experience of China’s Top 30 Cultural Industries, in Hangzhou International Congress, "Culture: Key to Sustainable Development", 15-17 May 2013, Hangzhou, China, Culture Development Institute, Communication University of China

Search via ReFindit