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Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open access
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Received: 2017-06-18  |  Accepted: 2017-10-10  |  Published: 2017-12-29


Review of Egypt Science and Technology System: SWOT analysis


In this review, we conduct an exploratory study to assess Egypt Science and Technology System by the utilization of the Delphi survey combined with “Electronic Town Meeting” protocol following a preliminary evaluation of research and innovation performance at the national level. The application of this protocol was directed toward a realization of national science and technology SWOT analysis. Within this analytical framework, we examined different components of Egypt Science and Technology System in addition to competencies, bottlenecks and opportunities with the aim of providing a concrete assessment view and draw useful directions that could be rapidly utilized in different settings. We recommend using this combined protocol in the different strategic planning settings and actions.


Science and Technology, SWOT analysis, research assessment, innovation system

JEL classifications

O10 , O30







This research was supported by the project,which has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme Marie Sklodowska-Curie Research and Innovation Staff Exchanges ES H2020-MSCA-RISE-2014 CLUSDEVMED (2015-2019) Grant Agreement Number 645730730

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


Radwan, Amr
Academy of Scientific Research & Technology, Cairo, Egypt
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Sakr, Mahmoud M.
Academy of Scientific Research & Technology, Cairo, Egypt
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Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues





Issue date

December 2017

Issue DOI


ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania


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