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Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues Open access
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Received: 2018-09-15  |  Accepted: 2018-11-25  |  Published: 2018-12-30


Urban inequalities in Italy: a comparison between Rome, Milan and Naples


The aim of this paper is to examine the spatial distribution of socioeconomic inequalities in the municipal territories of Italy’s three most populous metropolitan cities, Roma, Milan and Napoli, by means of economic and social indicators and with data aggregated at the sub-municipal subdivisions of the cities and the municipalities in their provinces. These metropolitan areas are coming out of the worst crisis Italy has ever experienced, with a new class of poor people found not only in the outskirts and in the less well-off social groups but also among the middle class. Local and national governments cannot ignore this situation; the weakest sections of society have been unable to reap the benefits of the growth in the quaternary sector that has characterized Milan, Rome and Naples after the last decade, albeit to differing degrees.


inequalities, spatial indicators, development economics, urban planning, peripheries

JEL classifications

O18 , R28 , R58





This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


Lelo, Keti
Roma Tre University, Rome, Italy
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Monni, Salvatore
Roma Tre University, Rome, Italy
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Tomassi, Federico
Agency for Territorial Cohesion, Rome, Italy
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Journal title

Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues





Issue date

December 2018

Issue DOI


ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania


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