Received: 2020-07-15  |  Accepted: 2021-01-10  |  Published: 2021-03-30

Title

Management of water scarcity in arid areas: a case study (Ziz Watershed)


Abstract

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development aims to reach 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs 6 deals with water security, which refers mainly to ensure availability and sus-tainable management of water. The present study aims to enhance reservoir performance under climate change to deal with water scarcity. For this purpose, we proposed a new methodology where precipitation and evaporation data provided through temporal downscaling are leveraged by a real-time management algorithm coupled with the Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC-HMS). The real-time dam management algorithm is based on water balance equation and rule curves. It provides information about (1) dam storage, (2) dam release, (3) dam evaporation, (4) dam diversion, (5) spilled water volume, (6) emergency spilled water volume, (7) dam inflow, (8) irrigation demand, (9) irrigation shortage, (10) dam siltation, (11) dam hydropower produc-tion, (12) hydropower energy income. The developed approach has been applied to the Hassan Addakhil multipurpose reservoir in Morocco. The result shows that the dam reliability and resili-ence have increased from 40% to 70% and from 16% to 66%, respectively, while the vulnerability remained constant. Additionally, this study has pointed out that the installation of a hydropower plant is an opportunity to produce clean electrical energy and generate an income enough to cov-er different costs related to dam management and maintenance. Therefore, the real-time man-agement tool developed in the framework of this project can significantly enhance reservoir per-formance.


Keywords

climate change, SDGs (6), temporal downscaling, real-time dam management, hydropower, dam performance, Ziz watershed


URI

http://jssidoi.org/ird/article/61


DOI


Pages

80-103


Funding

This research was partly supported by the project, which has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme Marie Sklodowska-Curie Research and Innovation Staff Exchanges ES H2020-MSCA-RISE-2014 CLUSDEVMED (2015-2019) Grant Agreement Number 645730730

This is an open access issue and all published articles are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Authors

Elhassnaoui, Ismail
Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco http://www.um5.ac.ma
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Moumen, Zineb
Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco http://www.usmba.ac.ma
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Tvaronavičienė, Manuela
Daugavpils University, Daugavpils, Latvia https://du.lv
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Ouarani, Mohamed
Mohammed VI Polytechnic University, Ben Guerir, Morocco https://www.um6p.ma
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Ben-Daoud, Mohamed
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States https://twin-cities.umn.edu
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Serrari, Issam
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Marrakech, Morocco http://www.agriculture.gov.ma
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Lahmidi, Ikram
Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco http://www.usmba.ac.ma
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Wahba, M.A.S.
National Water Research Center, Cairo, Egypt http://www.nwrc-egypt.org
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Bouziane, Ahmed
Ministry of Equipment, Transport, Logistics and Water, Rabat, Morocco http://www.equipement.gov.ma
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Ouazar, Driss
Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco http://www.um5.ac.ma
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Hasnaoui, Moulay Driss
Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco http://www.um5.ac.ma
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Journal title

Insights into Regional Development

Volume

3


Number

1


Issue date

March 2021


Issue DOI


ISSN

ISSN 2345-0282 (online)


Publisher

VšĮ Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, Vilnius, Lithuania

Cited

Google Scholar

Article views & downloads

HTML views: 135  |  PDF downloads: 76

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